The Revelation 12 'Sun-clothed Virgin'


The Sun-Clothed Woman

1.    Israel is often spoken of as a woman married to God under the terms of the old covenant (Isa 54:1-6; Jer 3:1-14; Hos 2:14-23).

2.    The church is more often referred to in masculine language as "the body of Christ". Furthermore, the church is already raptured at this point (Rev. 4:1). Therefore, the church could not be the sun-clothed woman of Rev. 12.

3.    The false church is spoken of as a woman, meaning a great whore (Rev. 17), but this could not be the sun-clothed woman.

4.    The Bible mentions only 3 classes of people today:  the church, the Jews, and the Gentiles (1 Cor. 10:32). 

At the middle of Daniel's 70th week when the woman travails and brings forth the man-child, the 'true church' will have been taken from the earth for at least 3 1/2 years (Rev. 4:1). This leaves only 2 classes of people remaining on the earth after the rapture:  Jews and Gentiles. 

The woman could not symbolize the Gentiles, because they are the ones persecuting her.  Therefore, the woman must symbolize national Israel.

By the term "Israel" we mean national Israel, or Israel as a nation, not those Jews who are scattered among the nations.  Israel has been a nation since 1948.  Many Jews will continue in all lands until they are completely gathered at the Second Coming (Matt 24:29-31; Isa 11:11-12; Ezek 37).

5.    Israel is the nation or group primarily being dealt with in Rev. 4-19, not the church.

6.    The sun, moon, and 12 stars symbolize Israel, as proved in Genesis 37:9-11.

7.    The Jews are the only people in Scripture spoken of as going through travail in the last days (Rev. 12:2-5; Matt 24:8; Mark 13:8; Isa 66:7-8; Jer 30:6-9; Mic 5:3; Zech 12:10-13:1).

8.    Israel is identified as the woman by the wars waged against her and her seed. The same predictions of this woman are found in connection with Israel in the Old Testament (Dan 7:21; Dan 8:9-14,24-25; Dan 9:27; Dan 11:40-45; Dan 12:1,7; Joel 3; Zech 12:1-9; Zech 13:8-9; Zech 14:1-21).

9.    The whole 70th week of Daniel 9:27 concerns Israel and Jerusalem, as did the first 69 weeks (Dan 9:24-27). The church is not mentioned once in connection with these last day events.

10.    The persecution, flight, and protection of the woman in the wilderness prove her to be Israel (Rev. 12:6,13-16).

(a)    Isaiah (Isa 16:1-5) predicts the flight of Israel into Moab and Edom, and mentions Sela, the ancient capital of Edom as their headquarters during the Tribulation.  The church is not the subject of any Old Testament prophecy.

(b)    Isaiah (Isa 26:20-21) predicts the protection of Israel until the indignation (Tribulation) be past.

(c)    Isaiah (Isa 63:1-5) pictures Christ in His Second Coming as descending from the direction of Edom where the Israelites are to be protected (compare with Matt 24:27).

(d)    Isaiah (Isa 42:11-13) speaking of the Lord coming to the earth to prevail over His enemies predicts that the Jews in the wilderness and the rock will sing of Him.

(e)    Psalms (Psalm 60:6-12; Psalm 108:8-13) predict that God will reserve Edom from the Antichrist and refer to the leading of Israel into the strong city (Sela).

(f)    Ezekiel (Ezek 20:33-44) speaks of Israel being gathered back from the nations in the last days and of her going into the wilderness where God will plead with her as He did with her when she came out of Egypt. The two witnesses of Rev. 11 will be the "Enoch and Elijah" of those days.

(g)    Daniel (Dan 11:36) reveals the conquest of many countries, including Palestine, but predicts that Edom, Moab, and Ammon will escape him (the Antichrist). This is the place reserved of God for Israel to be protected in the wilderness for 3 1/2 years (Rev. 12:6, Rev 12:14).

(h)    Hosea (Hos 2:14-23) speaks of the wilderness where Israel will flee from the Antichrist.

(i)    Matthew (Matt 24:15-22) predicts the Antichrist breaking his 7-year covenant with Israel (Daniel 9:27), the setting up of the abomination of desolation in the temple at Jerusalem, and the flight of Israel from Judea into the mountains or wilderness during the last 3 1/2-years of the Tribulation.

(j)    Revelation (Rev. 12:6,13-16) makes the final prediction of Israel going into the wilderness to be protected 3 1/2 years from the Antichrist.

The above notes have been copied from the Dake Annotated Bible commentary.